Morph Query provides a point-and-click interface for building complex morphological queries. You can search for any number of words in specific morphological constructions and relationships. The Morph Query document provides several capabilities not available in the regular Morph Search.
Note: the Morph Query Document requires an internet connection.
You can open Morph Query documents from the Docs menu, or from a Morph Search.
- To start a morph query using the Documents menu, click Docs > New >Morph Query.
- To start a morph query from the Morph search, click the Search icon in the command box. Ensure that Morph is selected as the search type. Click the Query drop-down located to the left of the search box and select Create morph query document.
Morph Query Structure
The Morph Query document contains several columns, one column per search term. Each row defines a property or relationship for that term. You can search for:
- One or more terms
- One or more terms with specific morphological characteristics
- Specific morphological characteristics (without defining terms)
- Instances where specific terms and/or morphological constructions do not appear
- Any combination of the above
Building a Morph Query
- Give your Morph Query document a name by clicking in the title box and entering a descriptive title.
- Select the resource you want to search by clicking All morph resources and making a selection. (It is important to do this first. Your selection will determine which morphological options appear in the Morph Query document.)
- In this example, we will use the Morph Query document to search the Greek version of the book of James for phrases similar to the phrase “trials of various kinds” in James 1:2. Notice that, in Greek, it is made up of an anarthrous noun and adjective that (as you would expect) agree in gender, number, and case: πειρασμοῖς and ποικίλοις.
- Under the Word 1 column, click in the box beside Part of Speech and select Article. (You must add any word you want to specifically include or exclude from your Morph Query.)
- Set the Morph Query to exclude results with an article by clicking the Exists bar below the Word 1 column. The section of the bar under that column will disappear.
- In the Word 2 column, click in the box across from Part of Speech and select Noun.
- In the Word 3 column, click in the box across from Part of Speech and select Adjective.
- If you want, you can change the Search Span by clicking 10 Words and entering a different number in the box. Note: Morph searches are performed within verse boundaries. Your results will include only those cases in which all your search criteria are met within a single verse.
- We want to ensure that we are searching for nouns and adjectives that agree with one another in Case, Number, and Gender. Click + Add relation and select Agreement. A new Agreement bar will appear below all columns.
- Click None and check the boxes beside Case, Number, and Gender.
- Finally, limit your search to the book of James by clicking All Passages and enter James.
- Click Search. Logos presents your search results in a new panel. Each word included in your search is highlighted in a different color.
You can create an OR search by creating a group of the search terms you want to include in your OR search equation. In the case of the example above, you could search for a noun OR an adjective by selecting the heading of Word 2 and Word 3, then selecting Group. Logos will then search for a single word that is either a noun or an adjective.