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Hebrew and Greek Input Options

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Logos provides several options for inputting original language text, allowing you to pick the method that works best for you.

 

Note: Regardless of the approach you choose, as you enter a word in a search box, Logos will provide a dropdown list of suggested search queries. For best search results, select one of these.

 

Skip ahead to:

Copy & Paste

Transliterate

Use the Keyboard Selector

Entering Hebrew Text

Right to Left

Vocalization, Punctuation, and Cantillation Marks

Hebrew Keyboard Map

Entering Greek Text

Accents and Breathing Marks

Capitalization

Greek Keyboard Map

Add System Keyboards

 

Copy and Paste

You can work with original language words without having to type at all.

  1. Right-click the word or phrase you want to copy.
  2. Select the phrase or the form of the word you want to copy in the left pane of the Context menu.
  3. Click Copy in the right pane of the Context menu.

 

copy.png

 

  1. Paste into the Search box, a document, etc. by right-clicking and selecting Paste, or by pressing Cmd+V (Mac) or Ctrl+V (Windows).

 

Transliterate

You can use transliteration to search for original-language words in Logos.

 

  1. Type the language designation in the search box, followed by a colon

g: (Greek)

h: (Hebrew)

a: (Aramaic)

  1. After the colon, type a transliteration of the word you want to search. (Don’t leave a space between the colon and the transliterated word).
  2. Logos will parse your input and will provide a list of query options in the dropdown menu that appears. Click the query you want to search.

 transliterate.png

  

Use the Keyboard Selector

Note: This feature is only available in the Logos desktop application. You may deactivate the keyboard selector in the Program Settings menu.

 

The keyboard selector appears in input boxes where you might want to enter original language characters. You can pick between English, Greek, and Hebrew by clicking the keyboard icon and selecting the desired language. You can also toggle between keyboards by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Space (Windows) or Cmd+Ctrl+Space (Mac). At any time, pressing the Caps Lock key will escape the biblical language keyboard, so you can, for example, quickly type search operators.

 

Skip ahead to:

 

Keyboard_Selector.gif

 

Once you’ve typed in what you want to search for, press enter to search the surface text, or (for best results) select it from the dropdown list that appears.

 

Entering Hebrew Text

  • Right to Left

  • Remember that Hebrew runs right to left. When the Hebrew keyboard is active, backspace will remove the character to the right of the cursor. Vowels should be input after their corresponding consonant. Morphological searches or searches with operators still operate left to right, even though Hebrew words or phrases are written right to left.

     

    Examples:

    • Type גָדָל by entering gimel, qamets, dalet, qamets, lamed.
    • lemma:גדל@Va will return results lemma:aV@גדל will not
    • lemma:גדל@Va BEFORE lemma:הלך returns the result וַיִּגְדַּ֖ל הָאִ֑ישׁ וַיֵּ֤לֶךְ הָלוֹךְ֙

     

  • Vocalization, Punctuation, and Cantillation Marks

  • Both surface searches (pressing Enter) and query picker suggestions (selecting from the dropdown) are not sensitive to vocalization, punctuation, or cantillation marks.

     

    Examples:

    • If you input גדל OR גָדָל and press Enter, Logos will show results for any occurrences of that sequence of consonants (such as גדל, גֹ֨דֶל, or גָדַ֣ל). Logos will not return results for גדל with a prefix or suffix (such as גִּדַּ֣לְתִּי).
    • If you input גדל OR גָדָל and select the lemma from the dropdown menu that appears, Logos will return all the results for that lemma, including those with prefixes and suffixes (e.g. גִּדַּ֣לְתִּי).

      

    If you want to find an inflected form of a Hebrew word 

    • Use the Basic, Bible, or Morph search types to enter the consonantal text of the inflected form of the word (e.g. אגדל) and press Enter.

    Or

    • Use the morph picker in the Morph search:
    1. Type the Hebrew word,
    2. Select the lemma from the search query dropdown,
    3. Toggle to English input,
    4. Type @ to the right of the Hebrew word. Then select the characteristics you want to search for. Your query should look similar to: lemma:גדל@V.

     

    Alternatively, you can type your query by following the pattern above.

     

    Note: Be sure to enter lemma: or root: before entering the Hebrew letters. Remember, pressing the Caps Lock key will toggle your input back to your system language.

     

    If you want to perform a search sensitive to cantillations marks, create a new syntax search and ensure the Lexham Hebrew Bible: Cantillation Database is selected.

     

  • English/Hebrew Keyboard Map

  • Logos_Translation-Keyboards-05.png

    Logos_Translation-Keyboards-06.png

    Logos_Translation-Keyboards-07.png

    Logos_Translation-Keyboards-08.png

    Click here to download the English/Hebrew keyboard maps.

    Letter Name Keystroke
    א aleph shift+.
    ב bet b
    ג gimel g
    ד dalet d
    ה he h
    ו vav w
    ז zayin z
    ח khet x
    ט tet v
    י yod y
    כ kaph k
    ך kaph (final) shift+k
    ל lamed l
    מ mem m
    ם mem (final) shift+m
    נ nun n
    ן nun (final) shift+n
    ס samek s
    ע ayin shift+,
    פ pe p
    ף pe (final) shift+p
    צ tsade c
    ץ tsade (final) shift+c
    ק qoph q
    ר resh r
    שׂ sin f
    שׁ shin j
    ת tav t

     

    Other

    Diacritic Name Keystroke
    בַ patakh a
    בָ qamets (qamets hatup) shift+a
    בֶ segol e
    בֵ tsere shift+e
    בִ hireq i
    בֹ holem o
    וֹ full holem w+o
    בֻ qibbuts u
    וּ shureq +
    בְ shewa ;
    בּ dagesh +
    בֲ hat. patah alt+shift+a (Windows)
    opt+shift+a (macOS)
    בֱ hat. segol alt+shift+e (Windows)
    opt+shift+e (macOS)
    בֳ hat. qamats alt+shift+o (Windows)
    opt+shift+o (macOS)
    ב֘ zarqa shift+2
    ב֨ qadma shift+3
    ב֜ geresh shift+4
    ב֞ gershayim shift+5
    ב֬ iluy shift+7
    ב֝ g. muqdam shift+8
    ב֗ revia shift+q
    ב֟ qar. para shift+y
    בֽ meteg alt+1 (Windows)
    opt+1 (macOS)
    ב֢ atn. hafukh alt+2 (Windows)
    opt+2 (macOS)
    ב֖ tipeha alt+3 (Windows)
    opt+3 (macOS)
    ב֥ merkha alt+4 (Windows)
    opt+4 (macOS)
    ב֦ mer. kefula alt+5 (Windows)
    opt+5 (macOS)
    ב֭ dehi alt+6 (Windows)
    opt+6 (macOS)
    ב֣ munah alt+7 (Windows)
    opt+7 (macOS)
    ב֛ tevir alt+8 (Windows)
    opt+8 (macOS)
    ב֧ darga alt+9 (Windows)
    opt+9 (macOS)
    ב֪ yer ben yomo alt+0 (Windows)
    opt+0 (macOS)
    ב֑ etnahta alt+= (Windows)
    opt+= (macOS)
    בׇ qam. qatan alt+o (Windows)
    opt+o (macOS)
    ב֚ yetiv alt+] (Windows)
    opt+] (macOS)
    ב֤ mahapakh alt+\ (Windows)
    opt+\ (macOS)
    bullet alt+g (Windows)
    opt+g (macOS)
    ב̣ punctum alt+ (Windows)
    opt+ (macOS)
    n/a Zero width non-joiner 2x alt+m (Windows)
    opt+m (macOS)
    « guillemets alt+, (Windows)
    opt+, (macOS)
    » guillemets alt+, (Windows)
    opt+, (macOS)
    ב׳ geresh p. alt+/ (Windows)
    opt+/ (macOS)
    ב֗ revia alt+shift+1 (Windows)
    opt+shift+1 (macOS)
    ב֮ zinor alt+shift+2 (Windows)
    opt+shift+2 (macOS)
    ב֙ pashta alt+shift+3 (Windows)
    opt+shift+3 (macOS)
    ב֠ tel. gedola alt+shift+4 (Windows)
    opt+shift+4 (macOS)
    ב֩ tel. qetana alt+shift+5 (Windows)
    opt+shift+5 (macOS)
    ב֟ qar. para alt+shift+6 (Windows)
    opt+shift+6 (macOS)
    ב֡ pazer alt+shift+7 (Windows)
    opt+shift+7 (macOS)
    ב֕ zaq. gadol alt+shift+8 (Windows)
    opt+shift+8 (macOS)
    ב֓ shalshalet alt+shift+9 (Windows)
    opt+shift+9 (macOS)
    ב֯ masora c. alt+shift+0 (Windows)
    opt+shift+0 (macOS)
    בֿ rafe alt+shift+- (Windows)
    opt+shift+- (macOS)
    mark base alt+shift+= (Windows)
    opt+shift+= (macOS)
    n/a c. grapheme joiner alt+shift+p (Windows)
    opt+shift+p (macOS)
    ב֔ zaq. qatan alt+shift+[ (Windows)
    opt+shift+[ (macOS)
    ב֒ segolta alt+shift+] (Windows)
    opt+shift+] (macOS)
    ב֫ ole alt+shift+\ (Windows)
    opt+shift+\ (macOS)
    bullet alt+shift+g (Windows)
    opt+shift+g (macOS)
    ב̊ ring above alt+shift+h (Windows)
    opt+shift+h (macOS)
    ב׃ sof pasuq alt+shift+; (Windows)
    opt+shift+; (macOS)
    בׄ punctum alt+shift+ (Windows)
    opt+shift+ (macOS)
    ב̇ masora dot alt+shift+, (Windows)
    opt+shift+, (macOS)
    ב̈ thousands alt+shift+. (Windows)
    opt+shift+. (macOS)

     

Entering Greek Text

  • Accents and Breathing Marks

  • Both surface searches (pressing Enter) and query picker suggestions (selecting from the dropdown) are not sensitive to accents or breathing marks.

     

    Examples:

    • Input breathing marks and accents after its corresponding letter. For example, enter οὐδέ by typing (1) omicron, (2) upsilon, (3) smooth breathing mark, (4) delta, (5) epsilon, (6) acute accent.
    • If you input εις, the query will suggest both εἰς and εἷς.
    • If you input εις and press enter without selecting a lemma, Logos will return results for both surface forms (εἰς and εἷς).

     

     

  • Capitalization

  • You can choose whether to make surface text searches case sensitive by selecting or deselecting the Match Case option in the search panel.

     

    match_case.png

     

  • English/Greek Character Map

  • Logos_Translation-Keyboards-01.png

    Logos_Translation-Keyboards-02.png

    Logos_Translation-Keyboards-03.png

    Logos_Translation-Keyboards-04.png

    Click here to download the English/Greek keyboard maps.

    Letter Name Keystroke Letter Name Keystroke
    α alpha a Α alpha shift+a
    β beta b Β beta shift+b
    γ gamma g Γ gamma shift+g
    δ delta d Δ delta shift+d
    ε epsilon e Ε epsilon shift+e
    ζ zeta z Ζ zeta shift+z
    η eta h Η eta shift+h
    θ theta q Θ theta shift+q
    ι iota i Ι iota shift+i
    κ kappa k Κ kappa shift+k
    λ lambda l Λ lambda shift+l
    μ mu m Μ mu shift+m
    ν nu n Ν nu shift+n
    ξ xi x Ξ xi shift+x
    ο omicron o Ο omicron shift+o
    π pi p Π pi shift+p
    ρ rho r Ρ rho shift+r
    σ sigma s Σ sigma shift+s
    ς sigma (final) v      
    τ tau t Τ tau shift+t
    υ upsilon u Υ upsilon shift+u
    φ phi f Φ phi shift+f
    χ chi c Χ chi shift+c
    ψ psi y Ψ psi shift+y
    ω omega w Ω omega shift+w

     

    Breathing Name Keystroke
    rough [
    smooth ]

     

    Accent Name Keystroke
    ά acute /
    grave \
    circumflex =

     

    Diacritic Name Keystroke
    ̆ breve shift+2
    ~ combining Greek perispomei shift+`
    coronis ]
    ϊ diaresis `
    Ϝ digamma shift+ctrl+alt+d (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+d (macOS)
    ̇ dot shift+5
    ̣ dot below shift+6
    double low quotation mark shift+ctrl+alt+( (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+( (macOS)
    double high quotation mark shift+ctrl+alt+) (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+) (macOS)
    ϗ kai (abbrev) shift+7
    ʹ keraia shift+3
    Ϟ koppa (lowercase) shift+ctrl+alt+k (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+k (macOS)
    Ϙ koppa (uppercase) shift+ctrl+alt+a (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+a (macOS)
    ͵ lower numeral sign shift+4
    ̄ macron shift+1
    Ϲ sigma (lunate) shift+ctrl+alt+c (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+c (macOS)
    Ϡ sampi shift+ctrl+alt+p (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+p (macOS)
    single left-pointing angle quotation mark shift+ctrl+alt+< (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+< (macOS)
    single right-pointing angle quotation mark shift+ctrl+alt+> (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+> (macOS)
    Ϛ stigma shift+ctrl+alt+s (Windows)
    shift+ctrl+opt+s (macOS)
    subscript j
    ϳ yot ctrl+alt+j (Windows)
    ctrl+opt+j (macOS)

 

Add System Keyboards

Advanced Logos users may want to install additionals keyboards in their operating system in order to type original language characters in Logos and elsewhere.

 

Note: The Logos keyboard picker in Logos overrides your system keyboard map. If you have a Greek or Hebrew keyboard active through your operating system, you do not need to use the Logos keyboard picker.

 

In macOS:

  1. Open System Preferences > Keyboard
  2. Click Input Sources
  3. Click the Plus icon
  4. Select the keyboard you want, then click Add. 
  5. Toggle between keyboards by clicking the keyboard icon in the menu bar.

 

Note: You can enable a virtual (clickable) keyboard by selecting Show keyboard & emoji viewers in the menu bar in the keyboard preferences dialog.

 

In Windows:

  1. Open Settings > Time & Language > Region & Language
  2. Select and add additional languages.
  3. Use Left Alt + Shift to switch between your normal keyboard and others.

 

Note: These instructions are for Windows 10, steps for different versions of the operating systems may vary.

 

Note: You can install a virtual (clickable) keyboard in Windows. See Logos Original Language Keyboard.

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