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How do I use Search Operators in Logos?

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One of the features of Logos that makes it so valuable is the ability to tailor your search strings to locate precise results from your Bible and from your Logos library, which likely contains tens of thousands of pages. Gaining some proficiency with the search operators greatly enhances your ability to study in Logos and yields rewarding discoveries in the biblical text and in other resources from your library.

Note: When you use these search operators in a Bible search, Logos locates verses matching the search criteria. If you search resources other than the Bible, Logos locates the results in the same article.

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AND Operator

ANDEQUALS Operator

ANDNOT Operator

BEFORE & AFTER Operator

INTERSECTS Operator

NOTEQUALS Operator

OR Operator

Proximity Search Operators

WHERE Operator

WITHIN (a Milestone) Operator

WITHIN (a Label) Operator

 

AND Operator

Play

The AND operator is the ideal way to find multiple search terms within a range of text. For example, in 1 Cor. 13:13, Paul says that after all the spiritual gifts disappear, faith, hope, and love remain. Use the AND operator to find all the occurrences of faith, hope, and love within the same verse or article.

To use the AND operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by AND. Type the additional search term(s) and press Enter.

For example: faith AND hope love

Note: The AND operator is not necessary between the second and subsequent terms.

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing all the search terms.

 

Perform this search in Logos.

 

You can also accomplish this search using a Search template.

 

1. Open the Search template.

Open the Search panel and click the Navigation drawer icon .

 

2. Expand the Basic search heading and select Both Terms (for 2 terms) or All of the Terms (for 3 terms).

Enter your search terms in each box and click Search.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing all the search terms.

 

ANDEQUALS Operator

Play

Use the ANDEQUALS Operator to locate places where two different kinds of data overlap. For example, in John 1:1, John identifies Jesus as the Word. Using this operator, you can find other places in Scripture where Jesus is called the Word. This search also works well to find a Speaker and an Addressee as well as when a Speaker addresses a particular Subject.

To use the ANDEQUALS operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by ANDEQUALS. Type the additional search term and select the term from the dropdown list.

This allows you to find all the places this term is referred to whether or not it is explicitly used. with the associated label.

For example: word ANDEQUALS <Person Jesus>

Note: Learn more about labels and using them in searches.

3. Press Enter.

Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing all the search terms.

 

Perform this search in Logos.

Note: There are numerous Search templates to assist you with similar searches. These templates use a slightly different search syntax but are a useful tool to help you build more complex searches. Open the Search panel and click the Navigation drawer icon to view available templates. (Learn more about Search templates.)

 

ANDNOT Operator

The ANDNOT operator is a great way to find occurrences of a search term that don’t include another term. For example, searching for faith includes verses where love is present. But how often is this the case? Using this operator locates verses (articles) where only faith is used.

To use the ANDNOT operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by ANDNOT. Type the additional search term(s) and press Enter.

For example: faith ANDNOT love

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing the first search term but not the second.

 

Perform this search in Logos.

 

You can also accomplish this search using a Search template.

 

1. Open the Search template.

Open the Search panel and click the Navigation drawer icon .

 

2. Expand the Basic search heading and select This but Not That.

Enter your search terms in each box and click Search.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing all the search terms.

 

BEFORE & AFTER Operator

Play

The BEFORE and AFTER operator is an excellent option when you want to search for terms occurring in a particular order. For example, Jesus referred to the Old Testament as “the law and the prophets.” This type of operator allows you to find places where the terms occur in this order. You can also discover where they are used in the opposite order.

To use the BEFORE & AFTER operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by BEFORE (or AFTER depending on your preference).

Type the additional search term(s) and press Enter.

For example: prophets BEFORE law

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing the search terms in your specified order.

Perform the BEFORE search in Logos. Perform the AFTER search in Logos.

 

You can also accomplish this search using a Search template.

 

1. Open the Search template.

Open the Search panel and click the Navigation drawer icon .

 

2. Expand the Basic search heading and select This before That or This after That.

Enter your search terms in each box and click Search.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing all the search terms in your specified order.

 

INTERSECTS Operator

Play

The INTERSECTS search operator locates verses (articles) where search terms overlap, such as places where νόμος is translated law. For practical purposes, this is nearly identical to ANDEQUALS. Because of the way terms are indexed in Logos, INTERSECTS sometimes yields additional results for label searches or when a search term occurs in an idiomatic expression. (Learn more about labels in Logos.)

To use the INTERSECTS operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by INTERSECTS. Type the additional search term(s) and press Enter.

For example: <Lemma = lbs/el/νόμος> INTERSECTS law

 

Perform this search in Logos.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing the search terms within the range you specified.

Note: Several Search templates utilize the INTERSECTS operator, such as Speakers and Addressees. Using the Search templates is a great way to start complex searches. Open the Search panel and click the Navigation drawer icon .

 

NOTEQUALS Operator

Play

The Greek term λόγος (logos) is commonly translated as “word.” The NOTEQUALS search operator helps you locate all of the places where λόγος (logos) is not translated as “word” but as something else. The NOTEQUALS operator is a good way to locate any occurrences where search terms do not overlap.

To use the NOTEQUALS operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by NOTEQUALS. Type the additional search term(s) and press Enter.

Note: To include an original language search term, type the transliteration of the term and then select your desired form from the dropdown list.

For example: Type logos (select λόγος from the dropdown list to populate the search bar) NOTEQUALS word. This produces the following search syntax: <Lemma = lbs/el/λόγος> NOTEQUALS word (Perform this search in Logos.)

OR

word NOTEQUALS <Lemma = lbs/el/λόγος> (Perform this search in Logos.)

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) that include the first term but not when it is tagged with the second term.

Note: There is a similar search template (This but Not That), but it produces different results than the NOTEQUALS operator and is not a substitute for this search operator.

OR Operator

Play

The OR operator is the ideal way to search for instances where any one of the search terms appears. For example, in John 1:14, Jesus is described as being full of grace and truth. The OR operator allows you to find all the instances of grace or truth in the Bible.

To use the OR operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by OR. Type the additional search term(s) and press Enter.

For example: grace OR truth

Note: If you include more than two terms in your search, the OR operator is necessary between each of the subsequent terms.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing one or both of the search terms.

 

Perform this search in Logos.

 

You can also accomplish this search using a Search template.

 

1. Open the Search template.

Open the Search panel and click the Navigation drawer icon .

 

2. Expand the Basic search heading and select Either Term: This or That.

Enter your search terms in each box and click Search.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing one or both of the search terms.

 

Proximity Search Operators

Play

Proximity search operators allow you to locate the places where search terms are close to each other. For example, a search for law AND prophets yields results for all occurrences of these words in a single verse (or article), but in some cases the search terms occur with no apparent relationship to each other. Proximity search operators give you the ability to restrict a search for terms to a determined range. This eliminates irrelevant results and makes your searches more efficient.

The following operators can be used in Logos (Click a link to perform that search in Logos):

  • INTERSECTS - locates verses (articles) where search terms overlap, such as places where νόμος is translated law (<Lemma = lbs/el/νόμος> INTERSECTS law). For practical purposes, this is nearly identical to ANDEQUALS. Because of the way terms are indexed in Logos, INTERSECTS sometimes yields additional results for label searches or when a search term occurs in an idiomatic expression. (Learn more about labels in Logos.)

  • NEAR - locates occurrences of search terms that are close together (technically WITHIN 48 CHARS). This is useful when you want to narrow a search without overly restricting it, such as law NEAR prophets.

  • WITHIN [n] CHARS - allows you to search for terms that occur within a specified number of characters (CHARS), including spaces, such as law WITHIN 9 CHARS prophets. This is useful for searching for Hebrew morph segments, such as inseparable/prefixed prepositions. To specify a particular order, you can use BEFORE or AFTER in place of WITHIN, for example law BEFORE 9 CHARS prophets.

    Note: Using CHARS instead of WORDS helps you eliminate words. In this example, using CHARS eliminates results for verses containing the conjunction “and.”

  • WITHIN [n] WORDS - allows you to search for terms that occur within a specified number of words such as law WITHIN 4 WORDS prophets. To specify a particular order, you can use BEFORE or AFTER in place of WITHIN, for example law BEFORE 4 WORDS prophets.

    Note: Regardless of the number of words or characters designated in the search string, Logos limits its search to individual verses. To expand a search of the biblical text beyond individual verses, select the Basic search tab.

To use these search operators:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by one of the search operators above. Type the additional search term(s) and press Enter.

For example: law NEAR prophets

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing the search terms within the range you specified.

 

You can also accomplish the NEAR search using a Search template.

 

1. Open the Search template.

Open the Search panel and click the Navigation drawer icon .

 

2. Expand the Basic search heading and select This near That.

Enter your search terms in each box and click Search.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing all the search terms within the prescribed range.

 

WHERE Operator

Play

The WHERE operator is quite useful for locating information tagged with labels. In addition to the biblical text, this helps you efficiently search a variety of resources, such as journal articles and sermons. (Learn more about using labels. To access detailed syntax information about labels in the Logos Help file, click here.)

To use the WHERE operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible, Basic, Media, Clause, or Morph search.

 

2. Enter your search string and press Enter.

For example: {Label Journal Article WHERE Author ~ Osborne} locates all articles in your library written by a person named Osborne, such Dr. Grant Osborne. (Perform this search in Logos.)

 

OR

 

{Label Sermon WHERE References ~ <Rom 3>} locates all sermons in your library on Romans 3. (Perform this search in Logos.)

When using labels, it is often helpful to begin with a location containing the kind of information you are looking for. Open the Context menu with a right-click and select the label corresponding to your desired information. Select Search in the right-hand column. Paste the search string into an open search bar using Ctrl+V (Windows) or Cmd+V (Mac). Then you can edit the search string to refine your search. In most instances, you will delete information from the string to expand your search. Press Enter to run the search.

 

3. Logos returns results for articles containing the labeled search term.

 

WITHIN (a Milestone) Operator

Play

The WITHIN operator combined with a Milestone helps you find places in a specific commentary section or lexicon entry where a word is discussed. (Learn more about Milestones). For example, you can use this search to find all the times where “light” is discussed in commentaries on John 1:1-14. You can also search lexicons to find places where Jesus is mentioned in relation to light.

To use WITHIN (a Milestone) operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Basic search.

 

2. Enter your first search term followed by WITHIN {Milestone <[Bible reference]> or <GreekStrongs = G[n]>} and press Enter.

For example: light WITHIN {Milestone <John 1:1-14>}

 

Perform this search in Logos.

Note: When you use a Bible reference in a Milestone search, many of the results are the passage itself. Sort your results By resource to see your commentaries or adjust your search limits by clicking All Resources and entering type:commentary.

OR

 

God WITHIN {Milestone <GreekStrongs = G5457>}

Note: An effective way to start a Milestone search using a Strong’s number is to right click the word to open the Context menu and select the Strong’s Greek label. Click Basic from the search options on the right hand column. This opens the Search panel and pastes the Strong’s number into a search. Edit the search string by adding the additional information and press Enter.

 

Perform this search in Logos.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing the search term within the labeled resources.

 

WITHIN (a Label) Operator

Play

In Acts 2:38, Peter calls the crowd to repent and be baptized that they might receive the Holy Spirit. Use the WITHIN (a Label) operator to find all the times where “spirit” occurs in verses related to the theme of baptism (even if baptism is not explicitly named in the text). The WITHIN operator combined with a Label finds places in Scripture (or some resources) where a word is discussed in the context of thematic, propositional, or other labeled information. (Learn more about using Labels).

To use the WITHIN (a Label) operator:

 

1. Open the Search panel.

Select a Bible or Basic search.

 

2. Enter your search string and press Enter.

For example: spirit WITHIN (<PreachingTheme = Baptism>, {Section <PreachingTheme = Baptism>})

It is often helpful to begin with a location containing the kind of information you are looking for--in this case, Acts 2:38. Open the Context menu with a right-click and select the label corresponding to your desired information. Select Bible from the Search option in the right-hand column. Then you can edit the search string to refine your search. Press Enter to run the search.

 

3. Logos returns results for verses (or articles) containing the search term within the labeled resources.

Perform this search in Logos

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