The Concordance tool analyzes the data in a particular resource, extracts that data, and allows you to filter the results.
Note: The first time you choose a resource, the Concordance tool generates a special index of the data in that resource. This may take a few minutes, depending on the resource. If you are generating a Concordance for an Interlinear Bible, for instance, this process will likely take 4-5 minutes to complete. However, the Concordance tool caches data for resources so that concordance generation happens as infrequently as possible. This cache will take up more hard drive space depending on how many resources you have opened in Concordance and how much data they contain.
Generate a concordance
To generate a Concordance:
- Click Tools > Reference > Concordance.
- From the Concordance toolbar, choose the resource from your Library for which you want to generate a Concordance.
- Choose the type of concordance you want to create.
- Select a reference range (if applicable).
- Save the concordance by clicking the Panel History menu (the small downward pointing triangle next to the panel menu) and clicking the pin icon to the left of the open concordance’s name.
Navigating the Concordance
Once your concordance has been generated, the panel displays two columns.
- The main view displays on the right of the panel and contains headings for all of the results generated by the Concordance.
- The heading at the top of the main view shows what appears in the main view. If you have made refinements to the results, those will be listed following the Concordance type. If you choose a Word concordance, for example, this heading will say "Words" followed by a number. The number at the top of the view is the total count of instances shown in the view below.
- To the right of the heading, you can choose how you want the results displayed: by Heading or by frequency (Count). Sorting by heading lists the headings (the terms that were found in the resource for the specified type of concordance) alphabetically, with frequency displayed at the end of the line. Sorting by frequency puts the most common heading at the top of the list with a count at the end. Narrow the results by passage (in the toolbar) to find the key terms in just that passage.
Below the heading and display options, you will find the results of your Concordance.
A count follows each heading. This number counts the number of instances of just that heading. Clicking the expand button next to a heading displays all instances of that particular heading. Clicking on an instance opens the resource to that location.
Sometimes a concordance will have headings in multiple languages. When sorting by heading, terms in the same language will be sorted next to one another (for example, all the English words together, and all the Greek words together) and then alphabetically within the language. Sorting by frequency does not take language into account.
You can change concordance type and choose a different passage without having to regenerate the concordance.
Refine the Results
The Refine column on the left contains options for narrowing the list displayed in the results column on the right.
- The Count fields allow you to display results that meet your particular count criteria.
- The Headings checkboxes allow additional refinements to the results displayed in the main view.
- Faceted options like language and search fields help you quickly narrow the list down to just what you’re looking for. Click a facet in the refine column to narrow the results down to just those headings that match the selected facets.
Note that counts in the refinement column count how many headings have that refinement property, not the total number of instances under those headings. For example, the number 2,665 follows English in the examples above. This means that there are 2,665 unique English headings shown in the main view.
Export your concordance
On the Concordance panel menu, choose Print/Export. You can export the list of headings and their counts to spreadsheet programs such as Excel.
The cached concordances for a given resource may need to be regenerated sometimes:
- When the concordance cache file format is changed (this will happen very rarely);
- When the resource has been updated;
- When you run concordances on enough resources that the oldest concordance in the cache is deleted to make room for the newest one.
Adding a Concordance to a saved layout does not save the cache file, so depending on how long it’s been since you opened the layout, the Concordance may need to be regenerated when the layout is loaded.
Logos Help: Concordance